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Adding suffixes beginning with vowels to polysyllabic words

Posted: Tue Sep 16, 2014 2:49 pm
by volunteer
Page 49 of new national curriculum for English KS1 and KS2 - part of the appendix on spelling

Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable:

(a) If the last syllable of a word is stressed and ends with one consonant letter which has just one vowel letter before it, the final consonant letter is doubled before any ending beginning with a vowel letter is added.
e.g. forget forgetting
forgot forgotten
begin beginning
begin beginner

(b)The consonant letter is not doubled if the last syllable is unstressed:

eg. garden gardening
garden gardener
limit limited
limit limitation


So, how do I explain: prefer preference
defer deference
refer reference

etc? This should seem to fall into (a) above but doesn't.

Re: Adding suffixes beginning with vowels to polysyllabic words

Posted: Tue Sep 16, 2014 3:17 pm
by chew8
This is covered in Y5/6, volunteer, in a section on words ending in '-fer':

'The r is doubled if the –fer is still stressed when the ending is added.The r is not doubled if the –fer is no longer stressed.'

Jenny C.

Re: Adding suffixes beginning with vowels to polysyllabic words

Posted: Tue Sep 16, 2014 4:20 pm
by volunteer
Great. Thank you - I should have read on to the higher years but I presumed that was the only explanation the document gave for that particular thing.