Yes. Most of them are also recognised out of context. So?Toots wrote:Words are recognised in context.
Decoding -> understanding: usual and essential.There is an interaction between understanding and decoding with each feeding into the other.
Understanding -> decoding: occasional and rarely essential.
Do you mean decoding efforts "causing torture" or "causing violent distortion"?When you tell the child the meaning of a word you are contributing to that interactive process. The process is fairly straightforward when the decoding is simple, the child is fairly well able to blend and blending produces a simple word which the child understands, such as 'bag'. It is less straightforward when the decoding is complex and ambiguous and/or the word is unfamiliar such as 'are', or the child's decoding efforts are torturous.